Concentrations for MBA, MACC & EMBA Students

Concentrations Overview

The required courses in the MBA, MAcc and EMBA provide a distinct and consistent advanced business knowledge and skill structure for all students in the programs. The electives allow the student to tailor the graduate educational experience to fit their individual needs by pursuing a specific concentration or strategically selecting different elective classes that enhance their overall professional skills.

Concentrations are comprised of three-course elective (nine credit hours) sequences selected from a menu of electives by either the functional area (business analytics, finance, forensic accounting, information systems) or interdisciplinary area (international business.)  Students in the online MAcc or MBA may have a limited selection of electives based on what is available in the online format. 

Electives counted toward a concentration must carry a grade of “B” or better, and students must achieve a 3.2 GPA in those electives.


Mrs. Jean Cherney
Graduate Business Academic Coordinator
Sweigart Hall

Business Analytics Concentration

Finance Concentration

Forensic Accounting Concentration

Information Systems Concentration

International Business Concentration

Business Analytics Concentration Requirements

Select three of the following: 19
Business Intelligence Tech-Data Mining
Applied Data Management for Business Users
Business Analytics for Managers
Business Analytics Optimization
Independent Studies in Business Administration 2
Total Credits9

Finance Concentration Requirements 

Select three of the following:9
Investment Instruments and Strategies
Financial Market Operations
International Financial Management
Financial Modeling
Portfolio Management
Fixed Income Securities and Alternative Investments
Personal Financial Planning
Independent Studies in Business Administration 1
Total Credits9

Forensic Accounting Concentration Requirements 

Must complete two of the following:
MACC 663Fraud and Forensic Accounting3
MACC 665Fraud Detection and Deterrence3
Select one of the following: 13
Auditing Practice & Problems
Business Valuations: Fundamentals, Techniques and Theory
Business Intelligence Tech-Data Mining
Total Credits9

Information Systems Concentration Requirements

Select three of the following:9
Information Security for the Enterprise
Business Intelligence Tech-Data Mining
Electronic Commerce
Project Management
Globalization and Technology
Applied Data Management for Business Users
Business Analysis and Design
Design Thinking and Innovation
Digital Futures
Independent Studies in Business Administration 1
Total Credits9

 International Business Concentration Requirements

Select three of the following:9
International Dimensions of Accounting
International Business Study Tour
Globalization and Technology
International Trade & Investment
International Financial Management
International Marketing Management
International Management
Independent Studies in Business Administration 1
Ethical Issues in International Business
Total Credits9

Courses and Descriptions

MACC 662 Auditing Practice & Problems 3 Credits

This course is an advanced course in auditing. The course examines current auditing issues, including professional ethics, internal control, risk assessment, data analytics, cybersecurity, and other topics. Topics include basic principles of Generally Accepted Auditing Standards and PCAOB standards, the audit process from the stage of accepting an audit engagement to the stage of completion of the audit, various types of reports that are issued by independent auditors, legal liabilities of independent auditors, ethical responsibilities of auditors and current issues facing the auditing profession (e.g., litigation, auditor independence), role of various entities that influence the public accounting profession (e.g., PCAOB, AICPA, State Societies of CPAs, SEC, IRS) and other types of services (e.g., assurance services) that are provided by CPAs. A wide variety of teaching tools are employed including extensive use of case analysis, online lectures, videos, readings and data analytics software.

Prerequisite(s): ACC 400 Principles of Auditing.

MACC 663 Fraud and Forensic Accounting 3 Credits

This course provides a background in all areas of forensic accounting including: fraudulent financial reporting and the detection of fraud, money laundering and transnational flows, courtroom procedures and litigation support, as well as cybercrime. A wide variety of teaching tools are employed including extensive use of the professional literature, case analysis, videos, role playing and text materials.

Prerequisite(s): completion of the Preliminary Accounting Requirements.

MACC 665 Fraud Detection and Deterrence 3 Credits

This course explores contemporary forensic accounting topics pertaining to fraud examination, detection and deterrence. Topics include audit responsibility and reporting, professional judgment, quality control and developing effective policies in preventing and detecting economic crimes. Students will apply relevant fraud examination techniques to a variety of settings.

Prerequisite(s): MACC 663 and completion of the Preliminary Accounting Requirements.

MACC 667 Business Valuations: Fundamentals, Techniques and Theory 3 Credits

This course examines fundamentals of business valuations including basic, intermediate, and some advanced concepts and methodologies required by accounting and finance professionals in valuing a closely held (privately-owned) business where there is no market price.

Prerequisite(s): completion of PMBA 8240 or the Preliminary Accounting Requirements.

PMBA 8311 Information Security for the Enterprise 3 Credits

This course will teach students how businesses can implement security policies which will protect their significant investment in computer systems. The course topics include but are not limited to security attacks, attack prevention and mediation and security audits. Security devices, firewalls, PC and server security, authentication methods and procedures, and network security will all be discussed. The course will be delivered through a combination of hands-on labs where students will evaluate and implement computer security on computers, and class lectures.

Prerequisite(s): PMBA 8210.

PMBA 8312 Business Intelligence Tech-Data Mining 3 Credits

In this course, students will learn to solve problems/exploit opportunities by processing datasets, interpreting results, and deploying solutions. This course provides hands-on experience with these tasks. Upon this base of experience, students will build a robust data mining methodology that can be applied to real-world investigations. The course of study will include Online Analytical Processing (OLAP), statistical and machine learning techniques, and unstructured text analysis. Students will learn to apply these techniques through the study of payroll, procurement, and expense report fraud. Cell phone and credit card fraud, credit and bankruptcy analysis, and customer relationship management will also be covered.

PMBA 8313 Electronic Commerce 3 Credits

Electronic commerce involves the use of information technology to improve, enhance, simplify or enable business transactions. This course examines such business, social, and technical issues of electronic commerce as the technology of the Internet, effective system strategies to attract and maintain customers, security, and electronic payment systems.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of MBA pre-program courses.

PMBA 8314 Project Management 3 Credits

In our complex world of global economies and pervasive technology, change is constant. It is a persistent challenge to manage this change. It is the body of knowledge that is project management that helps managers address this change. This course will introduce students to project management for a variety of disciplines. The methods and techniques taught will be applicable not only to software development, but to any series of tasks that could constitute a project. The course content will cover the identification, approval, and management of complex projects. Various project management tools, techniques, and approaches will be covered.

PMBA 8315 Globalization and Technology 3 Credits

The emergence and growth of the global economy constitutes an epochal shift in the organization of the world. Technology has been a key component in the production and acceleration of these phenomena. This course introduces students to the latest theoretical and empirical literature on globalization as shaped by technology.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of MBA pre-program courses.

PMBA 8317 Applied Data Management for Business Users 3 Credits

Learn the benefits of data sharing in a business organization , the benefits of the relational database model, how data is structured in a relational database model, and how data can be accessed in a relational database using the structured query language (SQL). The process of formatting, loading, and accessing data for data analytics will be shown as well as the interaction with data warehouse schemas such as the star schema and snowflake scheme.

PMBA 8318 Business Analysis and Design 3 Credits

This course will integrate the skills of business analysis with those of system design. Students will learn a dynamic visioning/planning process which will guide the development of a technology architecture model for the business enterprise. Students will learn requirements elicitation techniques and use cases. Design methods such as object modeling and prototyping and data modeling with enterprise relationship diagrams will also be covered.

Prerequisite(s): PMBA 8210.

PMBA 8343 Investment Instruments and Strategies 3 Credits

Principles of investment analysis and portfolio management. Includes analysis of stocks and fixed income securities, mutual funds, international investing, margin trading and short sales, convertibles, stock options and financial futures. Hedging strategies, market forecasting and tax advantaged investments are also discussed. Makes considerable use of problems to illustrate concepts.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of PMBA 8040.

PMBA 8344 Financial Market Operations 3 Credits

Flow of funds analysis is used to study financial intermediation and interest rate determination in money and capital markets. Includes the flow of funds accounts, funds flow through financial institutions, the demands for and supply of credit by economic sectors, and the impact of public policies on financial market behavior.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of PMBA 8040.

PMBA 8345 International Financial Management 3 Credits

The techniques of multinational financial management are developed for enterprises that do business in more than one country and/or have assets and liabilities denominated in more than one currency. The management of foreign exchange and country risks is applied to working capital, capital budgeting, and capital structure decisions.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of PMBA 8040.

PMBA 8346 Financial Modeling 3 Credits

Spreadsheets are utilized to analyze problems and cases. Students receive instruction in computer use beyond that available in other finance courses. Spreadsheet applications include valuation models, cost of capital, capital budgeting, risk and return, portfolio analysis, stock market analysis, and options and futures.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of PMBA 8040.

PMBA 8347 Portfolio Management 3 Credits

Real-world application of the concepts and techniques of investment analysis and portfolio theory. Students interact with and make recommendations to professional portfolio managers. Topics include stock valuation methods, major forces driving movements in current equity markets, international investment opportunities, industry analysis, technical analysis and investment timing, evaluation of portfolio performance, analysis of business conditions and interest rates, and hedging portfolio risk with stock index options and financial futures.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of PMBA 8040.

PMBA 8348 Fixed Income Securities and Alternative Investments 3 Credits

This is an introductory course in fixed income securities and alternative investments. The first part of the course covers the markets for fixed income securities and their derivatives. Valuation of these securities and determination of the risk inherent in these securities are discussed. Methods for managing that risk, such as hedging and credit derivatives, are also discussed. The second part of the course covers a variety of alternative investments, including real estate funds, venture capital, hedge funds, and commodities. Valuation of these investments and determination of their risk are discussed.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of PMBA 8040 or any MAcc student with PMBA 8020 completed.

PMBA 8349 Personal Financial Planning 3 Credits

This course provides a background and an appreciation of the fundamental concepts and processes associated with Personal Financial Management. Various technical elements that are part of the study for a Certified Financial Planner certification will be covered including risk management, investments, tax planning, retirement planning, employee benefits, and estate planning.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of PMBA 8040 or any MAcc student with PMBA 8020 completed.

PMBA 8352 Design Thinking and Innovation 3 Credits

This graduate course on Design Thinking and Innovation provides students with a framework for dealing with unstructured problems, and for managing the innovation process. This course introduces students to design thinking as a systematic approach to innovation, but also guide students through the process to identify and translate broadly defined opportunities into actionable innovation possibilities. Students who have earned credits for CIS 388 or equivalent cannot take PMBA 8352 for credit.

Prerequisite(s): PMBA 8210.

PMBA 8353 Digital Futures 3 Credits

This course is a capstone course aimed at leveraging the in-depth understanding of Technology that MsIS students possess and transforming such knowledge into a new skill set of strategic leadership development at the level of the firm, economy and society.The course is divided into three parts. Part 1 aims to familiarize students with literature on rapid technology-led transformations such as Schumpeterian theories of ‘creative destruction’ and derivative theories of technological restructuring at the scale of an industry such as disruptive technology / innovation. Part 2 engages the students in a discussion of three multi-firm cases of strategic innovation, followed by Part 3 on debates about new policy and ethical dilemmas engendered by technological changes of the last four decades. Each part is aimed at developing new skills that will enable the student to assess and respond to challenges in their current work environment as well as develop strategic leadership capacity going into the future.

PMBA 8357 Business Analytics for Managers 3 Credits

Business Analytics, the data driven approach to management, is essential to achieve effective business decision-making and competitive advantage. All business managers need to analyze data and make quantitative-based decisions in their business careers. The focus of this course is to equip students with a variety of data analysis methods and tools that are useful to uncover trends, patterns, relationships, and other useful information. The course will take a hands-on, example-based approach and introduce fundamental concepts as they are needed. Students will be using both Excel and SAS software. This course applies to the concentration in Business Analytics and the Business Analytics Certificate Program.

Prerequisite(s): PMBA 8051 and 8010.

PMBA 8380 Business Analytics Optimization 3 Credits

This course has been designed to provide professional MBA students with the current knowledge and practice of optimization business analysts use. Optimization aims at selecting the best alternative from among available alternatives according to a predetermined objective. In general it involves building a mathematical model and finding the best alternative through a mathematical procedure. Optimization techniques help decision-makers make fact (i.e. data) based decisions and offer the potential of making significant profits or cost savings. The main focus of this course will be on developing modeling skills to gain insight into a wide variety of business decision problems. In other words, the emphasis in this course will be on modeling practical business decision problems, use of relevant software for optimal solution, interpretation of results, and sensitivity analysis rather than the theory of mathematical solution techniques. Coverage of course material will follow the typical sequence of (1) identification and discussion of a business decision problem; (2) developing a graphical model (e.g. influence diagram); (3) developing a mathematical model; (4) computer solution; (5) interpretation of results and sensitivity analysis; (6) discussion of insights gained from the experience; (7) discussion of implementation issues. In addition, heuristics will be discussed when optimization techniques are not available or too costly.

Prerequisites: PMBA 8010 and PMBA 8051.

PMBA 8902 Independent Studies in Business Administration 3 Credits

Involves a program determined by the individual faculty member and approved by the program director. Written assignments are required as part of this rigorous academic experience. Students are eligible for a maximum of one independent elective and should have completed at least three breadth courses prior to the start of the independent study. Prerequisite(s): Completion of MBA pre-program courses and permission of the associate Dean of Graduate Programs.